Data Processing Agreement

This Data Processing Agreement (this “Agreement”) is executed by and between VC, Inc. on behalf of Validation.com (“Validation.com”, “VC” and “we”) and you (“Customer”) and is annexed to and supplements VC’s Terms of Service and Privacy Policy https://validation.com/terms https://validation.com/privacy and any and all agreements governing Covered Services (collectively, the “Terms of Service”). Unless otherwise defined in this DPA, all capitalized terms not defined in this DPA will have the meanings given to them in the Terms of Service.

1. Definitions

“Affiliates” means any entity which is controlled by, controls, or is in common control with VC.

“Covered Services” means any services we offer you that could involve our Processing of Personal Data.

“Customer Data” means the Personal Data of any Data Subject Processed by VC within the VC Network on behalf of Customer pursuant to or in connection with the Terms of Service. For clarity, this specifically includes Customers end users such as consumers who are customers and/or potential customers.

“Data Controller” means the Customer, as the entity which determines the purposes and means of the Processing of Personal Data.

“Data Processor” means VC, as the entity which Processes Personal Data on behalf of the Data Controller.

“Data Protection Laws” means all laws and regulations, including laws and regulations of the European Union, applicable to the Processing of Personal Data under the Agreement.

“Data Subject” means the individual to whom Personal Data relates.

“EEA” means the European Economic Area.

“VC Network” means VC’s data center facilities, servers, networking equipment, and host software systems (e.g., virtual firewalls) that are within VC’s control and are used to provide the Covered Services.

“Personal Data” means any information relating to an identified or identifiable person.

“Processing” means any operation or set of operations which is performed upon Personal Data, whether or not by automatic means, such as collection, recording, organization, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction. “Process”, “processes” and “processed” will be interpreted accordingly. Detail of Processing are set forth in Appendix 1.

“Security Incident” means either (a) a breach of security of the VC Security Standards leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorized disclosure of, or access to, any Customer Data; or (b) any unauthorized access to VC equipment or facilities, where in either case such access results in destruction, loss, unauthorized disclosure, or alteration of Customer Data.

“Security Standards” means the security standards attached to this DPA as Appendix 2.

“Standard Contractual Clauses” or “SCCs” means Appendix 3, attached to and forming part of this DPA, pursuant to the European Commission Decision of 5 February 2010 on standard contractual clauses for the transfer of personal data to processors established in third countries under the Directive.

“Sub-processor” means any Data Processor engaged by Processor to Process data on behalf of Data Controller.

 

2. Data Processing.

2.1 Scope and Roles. This DPA applies when Customer Data is processed by VC. In this context, VC will act as the Data Processor on behalf of the Customer as the Data Controller with respect to Customer Data.

2.2 Details of Data Processing. The subject matter of processing of Customer Data by VC is the performance of the Covered Services pursuant to the Terms of Service and product-specific agreements. VC shall only Process Customer Data on behalf of and in accordance with Customer’s documented instructions for the following purposes: (i) Processing in accordance with the Terms of Service or applicable product-specific agreement; (ii) Processing initiated by end users in their use of the Covered Services; (iii) Processing to comply with other documented, reasonable instructions provided by Customers (ex. via email) where such instructions are consistent with the terms of the Agreement. VC shall not be required to comply with or observe Customer’s instructions if such instructions would violate the GDPR or any other applicable data privacy laws. The duration of the Processing, the nature and purpose of the Processing, the types of personal data and categories of Data Subjects Processed under this DPA are further specified in Appendix 1 (‘Details of the Processing’) to this DPA.

 

3. Confidentiality of Customer Data.

VC will not disclose Customer Data to any government or any other third party, except as necessary to comply with the law or a valid and binding order of a law enforcement agency (such as a subpoena or court order).

 

4. Security

4.1 VC has implemented and will maintain the technical and organizational measures for the VC Network as described herein this Section and as further described in Appendix 2 to this DPA, Security Standards. In particular, VC has implemented and will maintain the following technical and organizational measures that address the (i) security of the VC Network; (ii) physical security of the facilities; (iii) controls around employee and contractor access to (i) and/or (ii); and (iv) processes for testing, assessing and evaluating the effectiveness of technical and organizational measures implemented by VC.

4.2 VC makes available a number of security features and functionalities that Customer may elect to use in relation to the Covered Services. Customer is responsible for (a) properly configuring the Covered Services, (b) using the controls available in connection with the Covered Services (including the security controls) to ensure the ongoing confidentiality, integrity, availability and resilience of processing systems and services, (c) using the controls available in connection with the Covered Services (including the security controls) to allow the Customer to restore the availability and access to Customer Data in a timely manner in the event of a physical or technical incident (e.g. backups and routine archiving of Customer Data), and (d) taking such steps as Customer considers adequate to maintain appropriate security, protection, and deletion of Customer Data, which includes use of encryption technology to protect Customer Data from unauthorized access and measures to control access rights to Customer Data.

 

5. Data Subject Rights

Taking into account the nature of the Covered Services, VC offers Customer certain security standards as described in the “Security” section of this DPA. Customer may use these stated technical and organizational measures to assist it in connection with its obligations under applicable privacy laws, including its obligations relating to responding to requests from Data Subjects. As commercially reasonable, and to the extent lawfully required or permitted, VC shall promptly notify Customer if VC directly receives a request from a Data Subject to exercise such rights under any applicable data privacy laws (“Data Subject Request”). In addition, where Customer’s use of the Covered Services limits its ability to address a Data Subject Request, VC may, where legally permitted and appropriate and upon Customer’s specific request, provide commercially reasonable assistance in addressing the request, at Customer’s cost (if any).

 

6. Sub-processing

6.1 Authorized Sub-processors

Customer agrees that VC may use Sub-processors to fulfil its contractual obligations under its Terms of Service and this DPA or to provide certain services on its behalf, such as providing support services. Customer hereby consents to VC’s use of Sub-processors as described in this Section. Except as set forth in this Section or as otherwise explicitly authorized by you, VC will not permit any other sub-processing activities.

6.2 Sub-processor Obligations

Where VC uses any authorized Sub-processor as described in Section 6.1:

(i) VC will restrict the Sub-processor’s access to Customer Data only to what is necessary to maintain the Covered Services or to provide the Covered Services to Customer and any end users in accordance with the Covered Services. VC will prohibit the Sub-processor from accessing Customer Data for any other purpose;

(ii) VC will enter into a written agreement with the Sub-processor and, to the extent that the Sub-processor is performing the same data processing services that are being provided by VC under this DPA, VC will impose on the Sub-processor the same contractual obligations that VC has under this DPA; and

(iii) VC will remain responsible for its compliance with the obligations of this DPA and for any acts or omissions of the Sub-processor that cause VC to breach any of VC’s obligations under this DPA.

 

7. Security Breach Notification.

7.1 Security Incident. If VC becomes aware of a Security Incident, VC will without undue delay: (a) notify Customer of the Security Incident; and (b) take reasonable steps to mitigate the effects and to minimize any damage resulting from the Security Incident.

7.2 VC Assistance. To assist Customer in relation to any personal data breach notifications Customer is required to make under any applicable privacy laws, VC will include in the notification under section 8.1 such information about the Security Incident as VC is reasonably able to disclose to Customer, taking into account the nature of the Covered Services, the information available to VC, and any restrictions on disclosing the information, such as confidentiality.

7.3 Failed Security Incidents. Customer agrees that:

(i) A failed Security Incident will not be subject to the terms of this DPA. A failed Security Incident is one that results in no unauthorized access to Customer Data or to any of VC’s Network, equipment, or facilities storing Customer Data, and may include, without limitation, pings and other broadcast attacks on firewalls or edge servers, port scans, unsuccessful log-on attempts, denial of service attacks, packet sniffing (or other unauthorized access to traffic data that does not result in access beyond headers) or similar incidents; and

(ii) VC’s obligation to report or respond to a Security Incident under this Section is not and will not be construed as an acknowledgement by VC of any fault or liability of VC with respect to the Security Incident.

7.4 Communication. Notification(s) of Security Incidents, if any, will be delivered to one or more of Customer’s administrators by any means VC selects, including via email. It is Customer’s sole responsibility to ensure Customer’s administrators maintain accurate contact information on the VC account panel and secure transmission at all times.

 

 

8. Customer Rights

8.1 Independent Determination. Customer is responsible for reviewing the information made available by VC relating to data security and its Security Standards and making an independent determination as to whether the Covered Services meets Customer’s requirements and legal obligations as well as Customer’s obligations under this DPA. The information made available is intended to assist Customer in complying with Customer’s obligations under applicable privacy laws, including the GDPR, in respect of data protection impact assessments and prior consultation.

8.2 Customer Audit Rights. Customer has the right to confirm VC’s compliance with this DPA as applicable to the Covered Services, including specifically VC’s compliance with its Security Standards. Customer may do so by exercising a reasonable right to conduct an audit or inspection, including under the Standard Contractual Clauses if they apply. by making a specific request in writing to [email protected] If VC declines to follow any instruction requested by Customer regarding a properly requested and scoped audit or inspection, Customer is entitled to terminate this DPA and the Terms of Service. If the Standard Contractual Clauses apply, nothing in this Section varies or modifies the Standard Contractual Clauses nor affects any supervisory authority’s or data subject’s rights under the Standard Contractual Clauses. This Section will also apply insofar as VC carries out the control of Sub-processors on behalf of the Customer.

 

9. Transfers of Personal Data.

9.1 U.S. Based Processing. Except where specifically noted in the Terms of Service, Customer Data will be transferred outside the EEA and processed in the United States.

9.2 Application of Standard Contractual Clauses. The Standard Contractual Clauses will apply to Customer Data that is transferred outside the EEA, either directly or via onward transfer, to any country not recognized by the European Commission as providing an adequate level of protection for personal data (as described in the GDPR). The Standard Contractual Clauses will not apply to Customer Data that is not transferred, either directly or via onward transfer, outside the EEA.

 

10. Termination of the DPA

This DPA will continue in force until the termination of our processing in accordance with the Terms of Service (the “Termination Date”).

 

11. Return or Deletion of Customer Data

Any deletion of Customer Data will be governed by the terms of the particular Covered Services and Terms of Service.

 

12. Limitations of Liability

The liability of each party under this DPA will be subject to the exclusions and limitations of liability set out in the Terms of Service. Customer agrees that any regulatory penalties incurred by VC in relation to the Customer Data that arise as a result of, or in connection with, Customer’s failure to comply with its obligations under this DPA and any applicable privacy laws will count towards and reduce VC’s liability under the Terms of Service as if it were liability to the Customer under the Terms of Service.

 

13. Entire Terms of Service; Conflict

This DPA supersedes and replaces all prior or contemporaneous representations, understandings, agreements, or communications between Customer and VC, whether written or verbal, regarding the subject matter of this DPA, including any data processing addenda entered into between VC and Customer with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data. Except as amended by this DPA, the Terms of Service will remain in full force and effect. If there is a conflict between any other agreement between the parties including the Terms of Service and this DPA, the terms of this DPA will control.

 

Appendix 1 – Details of the processing

1. Nature and Purpose of Processing. VC will Process Personal Data as necessary to perform the Covered Services pursuant to the Terms of Service, product-specific agreements, and as further instructed by Customer throughout its use of the Covered Services.

2. Duration of Processing. Subject to Section 10 of this DPA, VC will Process Personal Data during the effective date of the Terms of Service, but will abide by the terms of this DPA for the duration of the Processing if in excess of that term, and unless otherwise agreed upon in writing.

3. Categories of Data Subjects. Customer may upload Personal Data in the course of its use of the Covered Services, the extent to which is determined and controlled by Customer in its sole discretion, and which may include, but is not limited to Personal Data relating to the following categories of Data Subjects:

Prospects, customers, business partners and vendors of Customer (who are natural persons)

Employees or contact persons of Customer’s prospects, customers, business partners and vendors

Employees, agents, advisors, freelancers of Customer (who are natural persons)

Customer’s Users authorized by Customer to use the Covered Services

4. Type of Personal Data. Customer may upload Personal Data in the course of its use of the Covered Services, the type of and extent to which is determined and controlled by Customer in its sole discretion, and which may include, but is not limited to the following categories of Personal Data of Data Subjects:

Name, Address, Telephone number, Mobile telephone number, Email address,Selfie / Profile photo, Credit card front, Government issued photo identification, Other data collected that could directly or indirectly identify you.

 

Appendix 2 – Security Standards

I. Technical and Organizational Measures

We are committed to protect our customers information. Taking into account the best practices, the costs of implementation and the nature, scope, circumstances and purposes of processing as well as the different likelihood of occurrence and severity of the risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons we take the following technical and organizational measures. When selecting the measures the confidentiality, integrity, availability and resilience of the systems are considered. A quick recovery after a physical or technical incident is guaranteed.

II. Data Privacy Program

Our Data Privacy Program is established to maintain a global data governance structure and secure information throughout its lifecycle. This program is driven by the office of the data protection officer, which oversees the implementation of privacy practices and security measures. We regularly test, assess and evaluate the effectiveness of its Data Privacy Program and Security Standards.

1. Confidentiality. “Confidentiality means that personal data is protected against unauthorized disclosure.”

We use a variety of physical and logical measures to protect the confidentiality of its customers personal data. Those measures include:

Physical Security

Physical access control systems in place (Badge access control, Security event monitoring etc.)

Surveillance systems including alarms and, as appropriate, CCTV monitoring

Clean desk policies and controls in place (Locking of unattended computers, locked cabinets etc.)

Visitor Access Management

Destruction of data on physical media and documents (shredding, degaussing etc.)

Access Control & Prevention of Unauthorized Access

User access restrictions applied and role-based access permissions provided/reviewed based on segregation of duties principle

Strong authentication and authorization methods (Multi-factor authentication, certificate based authorization, automatic deactivation/log-off etc. )

Centralized password management and strong/complex password policies (minimum length, complexity of characters etc.)

Anti-virus management

Intrusion Prevention System management

Encryption

Encryption of external and internal communication via strong cryptographic protocols

Encrypting PII/SPII data at rest

Encryption of storage media

Remote connections to the company networks are encrypted via VPN

Securing the lifecycle of encryption keys

Security Testing
Penetration Testing for critical company networks and platforms hosting personal data

Regular network and vulnerability scans

2. Integrity

“Integrity refers to ensuring the correctness (intactness) of data and the correct functioning of systems. When the term integrity is used in connection with the term “data”, it expresses that the data is complete and unchanged.”

Appropriate change and log management controls are in place, in addition to access controls to be able to maintain the integrity of personal data such as:

Change & Release Management

Change and release management process including (impact analysis, approvals, testing, security reviews, staging, monitoring etc.)

Role & Function based (Segregation of Duties) access provisioning on production environments

Logging & Monitoring

Logging of access and changes on data

Centralized audit & security logs

3. Availability

“The availability of services and IT systems, IT applications, and IT network functions or of information is guaranteed, if the users are able to use them at all times as intended.”

We implement appropriate continuity and security measures to maintain the availability of its services and the data residing within those services:

Regular fail-over tests applied for critical services

Extensive performance/availability monitoring and reporting for critical systems

Incident response programme

Critical data either replicated or backed up (Cloud Backups/Hard Disks/Database replication etc.)

Planned software, infrastructure and security maintenance in place (Software updates, security patches etc.)

Use of uninterruptible power supplies, fail redundant hardware and network systems Alarm, security systems in place

Physical Protection measures in place for critical sites (surge protection, raised floors, cooling systems, fire and/or smoke detectors, fire suppression systems etc.)

DDOS protection to maintain availability

4. Data Processing Instructions

“Data Processing Instructions refers to ensuring that personal data will only be processed in accordance with the instructions of the data controller and the related company measures”

We have established internal privacy policies, agreements and conduct regular privacy trainings for employees to ensure personal data is processed in accordance with customers’ preferences and instructions.

Privacy and confidentiality terms in place within employee contracts

Appropriate contractual provisions to the agreements with sub-contractors to maintain instructional control rights

Regular privacy checks for external service providers

Regular security audits

 

Appendix 3 – Standard Contractual Clauses (processors)

For the purposes of Article 26(2) of Directive 95/46/EC for the transfer of personal data to processors established in third countries which do not ensure an adequate level of data protection.

The entity identified as “Customer” in the DPA (the “data exporter”) and Validation.com (the “data importer”) each a “party”; together “the parties”,

HAVE AGREED on the following Contractual Clauses (the Clauses) in order to adduce adequate safeguards with respect to the protection of privacy and fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals for the transfer by the data exporter to the data importer of the personal data specified in Appendix 1.

Clause 1 – Definitions

For the purposes of the Clauses:

(a) “personal data”, “special categories of data”, “process/processing”, “controller”, “processor”, “data subject” and “supervisory authority” shall have the same meaning as in Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data;

(b) “the data exporter” means the controller who transfers the personal data;

(c) “the data importer” means the processor who agrees to receive from the data exporter personal data intended for processing on his behalf after the transfer in accordance with his instructions and the terms of the Clauses and who is not subject to a third country’s system ensuring adequate protection within the meaning of Article 25(1) of Directive 95/46/EC;

(d) “the subprocessor” means any processor engaged by the data importer or by any other subprocessor of the data importer who agrees to receive from the data importer or from any other subprocessor of the data importer personal data exclusively intended for processing activities to be carried out on behalf of the data exporter after the transfer in accordance with his instructions, the terms of the Clauses and the terms of the written subcontract;

(e) “the applicable data protection law” means the legislation protecting the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals and, in particular, their right to privacy with respect to the processing of personal data applicable to a data controller in the Member State in which the data exporter is established;

(f) “technical and organizational security measures” means those measures aimed at protecting personal data against accidental or unlawful destruction or accidental loss, alteration, unauthorized disclosure or access, in particular where the processing involves the transmission of data over a network, and against all other unlawful forms of processing.

Clause 2 – Details of the transfer

The details of the transfer and in particular the special categories of personal data where applicable are specified in Appendix 1 which forms an integral part of the Clauses.

Clause 3 – Third-party beneficiary clause

1. The data subject can enforce against the data exporter this Clause, Clause 4(b) to (i), Clause 5(a) to (e), and (g) to (j), Clause 6(1) and (2), Clause 7, Clause 8(2), and Clauses 9 to 12 as third-party beneficiary.

2. The data subject can enforce against the data importer this Clause, Clause 5(a) to (e) and (g), Clause 6, Clause 7, Clause 8(2), and Clauses 9 to 12, in cases where the data exporter has factually disappeared or has ceased to exist in law unless any successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter by contract or by operation of law, as a result of which it takes on the rights and obligations of the data exporter, in which case the data subject can enforce them against such entity.

3. The data subject can enforce against the subprocessor this Clause, Clause 5(a) to (e) and (g), Clause 6, Clause 7, Clause 8(2), and Clauses 9 to 12, in cases where both the data exporter and the data importer have factually disappeared or ceased to exist in law or have become insolvent, unless any successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter by contract or by operation of law as a result of which it takes on the rights and obligations of the data exporter, in which case the data subject can enforce them against such entity. Such third-party liability of the subprocessor shall be limited to its own processing operations under the Clauses.

4. The parties do not object to a data subject being represented by an association or other body if the data subject so expressly wishes and if permitted by national law.

Clause 4 – Obligations of the data exporter

The data exporter agrees and warrants:

(a) that the processing, including the transfer itself, of the personal data has been and will continue to be carried out in accordance with the relevant provisions of the applicable data protection law (and, where applicable, has been notified to the relevant authorities of the Member State where the data exporter is established) and does not violate the relevant provisions of that State;

(b) that it has instructed and throughout the duration of the personal data processing services will instruct the data importer to process the personal data transferred only on the data exporter’s behalf and in accordance with the applicable data protection law and the Clauses;

(c) that the data importer will provide sufficient guarantees in respect of the technical and organizational security measures specified in Appendix 2 to this contract;

(d) that after assessment of the requirements of the applicable data protection law, the security measures are appropriate to protect personal data against accidental or unlawful destruction or accidental loss, alteration, unauthorized disclosure or access, in particular where the processing involves the transmission of data over a network, and against all other unlawful forms of processing, and that these measures ensure a level of security appropriate to the risks presented by the processing and the nature of the data to be protected having regard to the state of the art and the cost of their implementation;

(e) that it will ensure compliance with the security measures;

(f) that, if the transfer involves special categories of data, the data subject has been informed or will be informed before, or as soon as possible after, the transfer that its data could be transmitted to a third country not providing adequate protection within the meaning of Directive 95/46/EC;

(g) to forward any notification received from the data importer or any subprocessor pursuant to Clause 5(b) and Clause 8(3) to the data protection supervisory authority if the data exporter decides to continue the transfer or to lift the suspension;

(h) to make available to the data subjects upon request a copy of the Clauses, with the exception of Appendix 2, and a summary description of the security measures, as well as a copy of any contract for subprocessing services which has to be made in accordance with the Clauses, unless the Clauses or the contract contain commercial information, in which case it may remove such commercial information;

(i) that, in the event of subprocessing, the processing activity is carried out in accordance with Clause 11 by a subprocessor providing at least the same level of protection for the personal data and the rights of data subject as the data importer under the Clauses; and

(j) that it will ensure compliance with Clause 4(a) to (i).

Clause 5 – Obligations of the data importer

The data importer agrees and warrants:

(a) to process the personal data only on behalf of the data exporter and in compliance with its instructions and the Clauses; if it cannot provide such compliance for whatever reasons, it agrees to inform promptly the data exporter of its inability to comply, in which case the data exporter is entitled to suspend the transfer of data and/or terminate the contract;

(b) that it has no reason to believe that the legislation applicable to it prevents it from fulfilling the instructions received from the data exporter and its obligations under the contract and that in the event of a change in this legislation which is likely to have a substantial adverse effect on the warranties and obligations provided by the Clauses, it will promptly notify the change to the data exporter as soon as it is aware, in which case the data exporter is entitled to suspend the transfer of data and/or terminate the contract;

(c) that it has implemented the technical and organizational security measures specified in Appendix 2 before processing the personal data transferred;

(d) that it will promptly notify the data exporter about:

(i) any legally binding request for disclosure of the personal data by a law enforcement authority unless otherwise prohibited, such as a prohibition under criminal law to preserve the confidentiality of a law enforcement investigation,

(ii) any accidental or unauthorized access, and

(iii) any request received directly from the data subjects without responding to that request, unless it has been otherwise authorized to do so;

(e) to deal promptly and properly with all inquiries from the data exporter relating to its processing of the personal data subject to the transfer and to abide by the advice of the supervisory authority with regard to the processing of the data transferred;

(f) at the request of the data exporter to submit its data processing facilities for audit of the processing activities covered by the Clauses which shall be carried out by the data exporter or an inspection body composed of independent members and in possession of the required professional qualifications bound by a duty of confidentiality, selected by the data exporter, where applicable, in agreement with the supervisory authority;

(g) to make available to the data subject upon request a copy of the Clauses, or any existing contract for sub-processing, unless the Clauses or contract contain commercial information, in which case it may remove such commercial information, with the exception of Appendix 2 which shall be replaced by a summary description of the security measures in those cases where the data subject is unable to obtain a copy from the data exporter;

(h) that, in the event of subprocessing, it has previously informed the data exporter and obtained its prior written consent;

(i) that the processing services by the subprocessor will be carried out in accordance with Clause 11;

(j) to send promptly a copy of any subprocessor agreement it concludes under the Clauses to the data exporter.

Clause 6 – Liability

1. The parties agree that any data subject, who has suffered damage as a result of any breach of the obligations referred to in Clause 3 or in Clause 11 by any party or subprocessor is entitled to receive compensation from the data exporter for the damage suffered.

2. If a data subject is not able to bring a claim for compensation in accordance with paragraph 1 against the data exporter, arising out of a breach by the data importer or his subprocessor of any of their obligations referred to in Clause 3 or in Clause 11, because the data exporter has factually disappeared or ceased to exist in law or has become insolvent, the data importer agrees that the data subject may issue a claim against the data importer as if it were the data exporter, unless any successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter by contract of by operation of law, in which case the data subject can enforce its rights against such entity. The data importer may not rely on a breach by a subprocessor of its obligations in order to avoid its own liabilities.

3. If a data subject is not able to bring a claim against the data exporter or the data importer referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, arising out of a breach by the subprocessor of any of their obligations referred to in Clause 3 or in Clause 11 because both the data exporter and the data importer have factually disappeared or ceased to exist in law or have become insolvent, the subprocessor agrees that the data subject may issue a claim against the data subprocessor with regard to its own processing operations under the Clauses as if it were the data exporter or the data importer, unless any successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter or data importer by contract or by operation of law, in which case the data subject can enforce its rights against such entity. The liability of the subprocessor shall be limited to its own processing operations under the Clauses.

Clause 7 – Mediation and jurisdiction

1. The data importer agrees that if the data subject invokes against it third-party beneficiary rights and/or claims compensation for damages under the Clauses, the data importer will accept the decision of the data subject:

(a) to refer the dispute to mediation, by an independent person or, where applicable, by the supervisory authority;

(b) to refer the dispute to the courts in the Member State in which the data exporter is established

2. The parties agree that the choice made by the data subject will not prejudice its substantive or procedural rights to seek remedies in accordance with other provisions of national or international law.

Clause 8 – Cooperation with supervisory authorities

1. The data exporter agrees to deposit a copy of this contract with the supervisory authority if it so requests or if such deposit is required under the applicable data protection law.

2. The parties agree that the supervisory authority has the right to conduct an audit of the data importer, and of any subprocessor, which has the same scope and is subject to the same conditions as would apply to an audit of the data exporter under the applicable data protection law.

3. The data importer shall promptly inform the data exporter about the existence of legislation applicable to it or any subprocessor preventing the conduct of an audit of the data importer, or any subprocessor, pursuant to paragraph 2. In such a case the data exporter shall be entitled to take the measures foreseen in Clause 5 (b).

Clause 9 – Governing Law

The Clauses shall be governed by the law of the Member State in which the data exporter is established.

Clause 10 – Variation of the contract

The parties undertake not to vary or modify the Clauses. This does not preclude the parties from adding clauses on business related issues where required as long as they do not contradict the Clause.

Clause 11 – Subprocessing

1. The data importer shall not subcontract any of its processing operations performed on behalf of the data exporter under the Clauses without the prior written consent of the data exporter. Where the data importer subcontracts its obligations under the Clauses, with the consent of the data exporter, it shall do so only by way of a written agreement with the subprocessor which imposes the same obligations on the subprocessor as are imposed on the data importer under the Clauses. Where the subprocessor fails to fulfil its data protection obligations under such written agreement the data importer shall remain fully liable to the data exporter for the performance of the sub-processor’s obligations under such agreement.

2. The prior written contract between the data importer and the subprocessor shall also provide for a third-party beneficiary clause as laid down in Clause 3 for cases where the data subject is not able to bring the claim for compensation referred to in paragraph 1 of Clause 6 against the data exporter or the data importer because they have factually disappeared or have ceased to exist in law or have become insolvent and no successor entity has assumed the entire legal obligations of the data exporter or data importer by contract or by operation of law. Such third-party liability of the subprocessor shall be limited to its own processing operations under the Clauses

3. The provisions relating to data protection aspects for subprocessing of the contract referred to in paragraph 1 shall be governed by the law of the Member State in which the data exporter is established.

4. The data exporter shall keep a list of subprocessing agreements concluded under the Clauses and notified by the data importer pursuant to Clause 5 (j), which shall be updated at least once a year. The list shall be available to the data exporter’s data protection supervisory authority.

Clause 12 – Obligation after the termination of personal data processing services

1. The parties agree that on the termination of the provision of data processing services, the data importer and the subprocessor shall, at the choice of the data exporter, return all the personal data transferred and the copies thereof to the data exporter or shall destroy all the personal data and certify to the data exporter that it has done so, unless legislation imposed upon the data importer prevents it from returning or destroying all or part of the personal data transferred. In that case, the data importer warrants that it will guarantee the confidentiality of the personal data transferred and will not actively process the personal data transferred anymore.

2. The data importer and the subprocessor warrant that upon request of the data exporter and/or of the supervisory authority, it will submit its data processing facilities for an audit of the measures referred to in paragraph 1.